About khadi Fabric

Khadi or khaddar is handspun, hand-woven natural fiber cloth originating
from India, Bangladesh and broadly used in Pakistan and India.This fabric
mainly made out of cotton.
The cloth is usually woven from cotton which are all spun into yarn on
a spinning wheel called a charkha.
It is a versatile fabric, cool in summer and warm in winter. In order to improve the look,
khādī/khaddar is sometimes starched to give it a stiffer feel.
It is widely accepted in fashion circles Khadi is being promoted in India
by Khadi and Village Industries Commission, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
In India, Khadi refers to handwoven cloth. Weavers prefer the yarn produced
by Mills because it is more robust and of consistent quality. Swadeshi
movement of boycotting English products during the first two decades of
the twentieth Century was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi and Indian mill
owners backed Nationalist politicians who called for a boycott of foreign cloth.
Gandhi argued that the mill owners would deny handloom weavers an opportunity
to buy yarn because they would prefer to create a monopoly for their own cloth.
handspun yarn was of poor quality and too costly. Thus Mahatma Gandhi started
spinning himself and encouraging others to do so. He made it obligatory for
all members of the Indian National Congress to spin cotton themselves and to
pay their dues in yarn. He further made the chakri (spinning wheel) the symbol
of the Nationalist movement. Initially the Indian flag was supposed to have a chakri,
not the Ashoka Chakra at its centre. Mahatma Gandhi collected large sums
of money to create a grass-roots organisation to encourage handloom weaving.
This was called ‘khaddar’ or ‘Khadi’ movement.
The British Raj was selling very high cost cloths to the Indians. The Indian
mill owners wanted to monopolise the Indian market themselves. Ever since
the American Civil War had caused a shortage of American cotton, Britain
would buy cotton from India at cheap prices and use the cotton to manufacture cloth.
The khadi movement by Gandhi aimed at boycotting foreign cloth.

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